LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

ENG 694/ APY 694/ COL 733/ AMS 694

 

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Guide to Reading Aloud

Where a juniper tree stood, the child
      was crying.

The deer
the two fawns and their mother
      went to him.

Pause at least half a second each time a new line begins at the left margin, and at least two seconds for each dot separating lines. Do not pause within a line (not even at the end of a sentence) or for indented lines.

She tried to catch it.
It sprinkled them all with its wing powder.
THEY WENT CRAZY

Use a softer than normal voice for words in small type and a louder than normal voice for words in capitals.

She worked o——n for a long time.

Hold vowels followed by dashes for up to two seconds.

KERSPLASHHHHHH

Hold repeated consonants for up to two seconds.

aaaaaaAAAAAH THE RAIN CAME

Produce a crescendo for repeated vowels that change from lower case to capitals.

talaaaaa

Produce a glissando for ascending or descending vowels.

THE HEART OF THE EARTH

Chant split lines, with an interval of about three half tones between levels.

Over there (points north) was Yellow House.

Tones of voice, gestures, audience responses, and other details are indicated by italics.

PRONOUNCING ZUNI WORDS

a, e, i, o, u

Vowels should be pronounced approximately as in Spanish.

aa, ee, ii, oo, uu

Double vowels should be held a bit longer than single ones, like the long vowels in Greek.

ch, h, k,1, m, n, p, s, sh, t, w, y

These consonants should be pronounced as in English, except that p and t are unaspirated.

lh

This is like English l and h pronounced simultaneously, something like the Ll in Welsh “Lloyd.”

The glottal stop is like the tt in the Scottish pronunciation of “bottle.” When it follows other consonants it is pronounced simultaneously with them.

cch, hh, kk, ll, llh, mm, nn, pp, ss, ssh, tt, ww, yy,”

Double consonants are held a bit longer than single ones, like the double consonants in Italian.

'

Stress is always on the first syllable except in words marked with accents.

Note. In songs (shown in boldface capitals), the pauses, loudness, lengthened sounds, glissandi, and pronunciation of Zuni words are as indicated in this guide. The tempo follows the stresses in the words.


URL: http://epc.buffalo.edu/authors/tedlock/eng-apy694
Send comments to: dtedlock@acsu.buffalo.edu
Last update: Thursday February 28, 2002