MiqsatMa`aseha-TorahFragmentA:height8cm(31/8in.)
swritten,Israelisholy.Andconcerninghis(Israel's)
inal.Theinitialpartofthetextiscompletelymissing.
mustnotsowhisfieldandvineyardwithmixedspecies.8.
erthesixfragmentsprovideacompositetextofabout130
rencesStrugnell,J.,andE.Qimron.DiscoveriesintheJ
fSomeTorahPrecepts(MiqsatMa'aseha-Torah)4Q396(MM
Becausethey(Israel)areholy,andthesonsofAaronare[
ll,apparentlyintheformofaletter,isuniqueinlangua
ge,style,andcontent.Usinglinguisticandtheologica
elaityintermingle]10.[Andthey]adheretoeachothera
sts')own[seed]withcorruptwomen.Since[thesonsofAa
arliestworksoftheQumransect.Thissectarianpolemic
lanalysis,theoriginaltexthasbeendatedasoneofthee
aldocument,ofwhichsixincompletemanuscriptshavebe
thesematterscausedthesecttosecedefromIsrael.Refe
udaeanDesert,X.Oxford,forthcoming.Sussman,Y."The
dconcerningthemixedmarriagesthatarebeingperforme
writtenthattheyshouldnot]7.beofmixedstuff;andone
ndpollutetheholyseed11.aswellastheir(i.e.theprie
aratesection,wasprobablyalsorelatedtothesphereof
lines,whichprobablycoverabouttwo-thirdsoftheorig
ationofitsHebrewname,MiqsatMa`aseha-Torah.Togeth
mostholy.]9.Butyouknowthatsomeofthepriestsand[th
.)length7cm(23/4in.)FragmentC:height9.1cm(39/16i
n.)length17.4cm(67/8in.)4Q396(MMTc)ParchmentCopi
endiscovered,iscommonlyreferredtoasMMT,anabbrevi
ntilsunsetontheeighthday.Andconcerning[theimpuri
damongthepeople,andtheyaresonsofholy[seed],5.asi
fmorethantwentyrulingsinreligiouslaw(Halakhot),m
length12.9cm(5in.)FragmentB:height4.3cm(111/16in
Apparentlyitconsistedoffoursections:(1)theopenin
leanditsritual.Theauthorstatesthatdisagreementon

GIF87a 
Historyof'Halakha'andtheDeadSeaScrolls--Prelimin
ͻ `(di
aryObservationsonMiqsatMa`aseHa-Torah(4QMMT)"(in
@èšN+
reated)accordingtothelawofthedeadortheslain.4.An
~...
edlatefirstcenturyB.C.E.-earlyfirstcenturyC.E.Co
xYeiGñ
urtesyoftheIsraelAntiquitiesAuthority(8)Thisscro
 .2
gformula,nowlost;(2)acalendarof364days;(3)alisto
!=j.Jɭ
deofthepeopleandattemptstopersuadetheaddresseeto
^.  
adoptthesect'slegalviews.The"halakhot,"orreligio
WP{Eš
Hebrew),Tarbiz59(1990):11-76.EnglishTranslationo
z|hv..
extismerelytheframework.Thecalendar,althoughasep
....X-
"halakhah."These"halakhot"dealchieflywiththeTemp
fQFQ.
ewithanotherspecies,andconcerninghisclothes[itis
..Í.
ostofwhicharepeculiartothesect;and(4)anepiloguet
djYH,8
uslaws,formthecoreoftheletter;theremainderofthet
 Q.ݹA
bone,whetherit3.hasitsfleshonitornot--shouldbe(t
.T(
[clean]animal6.itiswrittenthatonemustnotletitmat
-š5é.
hatdealswiththeseparationofthesectfromthemultitu
.~:]m..
Tc)CourtesyoftheIsraelAntiquitiesAuthority(8)1.u
c.H
ronshould...]TranscriptionandtranslationbyJ.Stru
-.a
ty]of2.the[dead]personweareoftheopinionthatevery
#x}\.
gnellandE.Qimron
        4m..̓.$..švSCItNBz. ..$?Gn\).N.m
        Lü..IhK~XEšO[RW .$,.B{.[M갔uwd.ᮨ
        /Tñ.`8t.Bq.z^l\[V9O_.'촅kz..T1=PD
        ñrZ.RÄ%.V*z$x.!m,.9N.ñB`.`.**/@#ä.ɧ$ÜBw\
        K=T3...ÜäXg^..V?.éQ4.Y..x.?an#.F.vš-z.N.Vš
        X%       C.M...bT*.0.!DÄI=.v .Dfl.*.
        !eJ..F#Ah@1š.HlG]..xdɧ     6i=....(.B4.!
        '.ñ.fÄK}4Klñ *.MPa.ñ)RD.|= d.)4és8’U..
        ......2 .gFe6c%c.S..$hj hG@šä..)d.u.01T
        ñW.Yv-S{a\ɵn^ -}.$ɪT..l.{%:g:j=.▫.gz8.
         .Mv..F.q.A.Pe[.E)ÄHñ..è.ääSP.\.
        ?ug].ujñtÄ).AkP̅..tñ.ω      %.4w....Ä
        .MZš*’!U`nzjQ9.Y ..8$~,ñe..G.éP[DeÜߐ8*.Q.
        Id؏iJ..dQ2Wni.$vG=PO0     0.ӢU
        .5~..v[1eCGG..$. BRVL@.pj.$.7\.Lt.mFA
        ,DC3ڽЌFM@šš-.34./r.... .K..(ge..W’.ڎ#
        6.+.=[A#’.֤di.k.\F9k2+/.Pé.f.8.S.nè
        {_eMf=y5.=.`=.qj..|.-g.4.n`..Xz.+Ä.
        އRZ|..šu`..*.`/ZW.+.\ ]è'n c$+]V6E.TS,ü.t`
        .1.B.ÄԶÄQ..{Ü[ñ .Jۈ!V.晉[Pʶ?..Ft
        ==%Ü}.p*a^ZM...OZW^,X.;}H\ ֹñQg ]x*
        šr4 K   J$.p8R,äOB=,}D.zF:M9.T^|9feD.=xè
        B9.é...X9.$.g?Y M\ 7.)c.ñ.3šy^..
               r.@{dSO..ät..vC#}G=gyTDųa2,IPvSg.èvèceؤ7
               A.?G#.r...V0?ñ.0.284X6èv    ;            PbN
 
Miqsat Ma`ase ha-Torah